Home News Nigeria gains territory; about 5 times Lagos State’s size

Nigeria gains territory; about 5 times Lagos State’s size

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The United Nations has approved Nigeria’s submission, granting sovereignty over additional square kilometres of maritime territory.

According to the approval, Nigeria’s continental shelf now extends to 16,300 square kilometres, which is about five times the size of Lagos State. The extension of Nigeria’s maritime boundaries is in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), 1982.

Receiving the report of the High Powered Presidential Committee (HPPC) on Nigeria’s extended continental shelf project on Tuesday in Abuja, President Bola Tinubu commended the team for achieving its mandate of extending Nigeria’s maritime boundaries without the country going to war, or losing people and economic opportunities.

”Nigeria is grateful for the efforts that you put into gaining additional territory for the country without going to war. Some nations went to war, lost people and economic opportunities.

”We lost nothing but have gained great benefits for Nigeria. We will pursue the best option for the country”, the President said.

He thanked the experts for their diligence, emphasising the significance of the achievement for Nigeria’s economic and strategic interests.

‘‘This is big congratulations for Nigeria”, he said while recounting how former President Muhammadu Buhari had briefed him on the importance of the project.

”At COP28 in Dubai, I also exchanged views with President Lula of Brazil on the need for collaboration within our economic and maritime boundaries.

”Today, it is a great honour for me to receive this report. I have listened attentively to this very specialised report, and I know it took a whole lot of effort to get to this stage.

”I commend the team, and we must take advantage of this and invite you again to have a repeat of this knowledge exploration on geography, hydrography, and the marine life”.

Earlier, the committee had made technical presentations to the President, through a marine scientist and member of the committee, Prof. Larry Awosika; and the committee’s Secretary, Aliyu Omar.

The experts had been involved in the project since Nigeria’s initial submission to extend its continental shelf to the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) in 2009.

The team informed the President that the UN had approved Nigeria’s submission, granting sovereignty over additional square kilometres of maritime territory.

”When the HPPC briefed former President Muhammadu Buhari in 2022 on the status of the project, the United Nations Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) was still considering Nigeria’s submission and having technical interactions with the HPPC.

”These interactions and consideration have now culminated in the approval for Nigeria to extend its continental shelf beyond 200M (200 nautical miles).

”As it stands now, the area approved for Nigeria is about 16,300 square kilometres, which is about five times the size of Lagos State”, Omar told the President.

He added that the official notification of the decision was conveyed to Nigeria by the CLCS last August, shortly after President Tinubu assumed office.

Omar outlined the available options for Nigeria following the approval:

”The first option is to take the area gained and finalise the registration with the UN Secretary-General and close everything, meaning that we are satisfied with what we got. This will take at least one year.

”The second option is to take what we have right now, acquire more data, do a support write-up, and make a revised submission as recommended by CLCS for further consideration. This will take another four years.

”Either way (options), Nigeria will keep what has been approved”, he exlained.

Awosika explained that the approval came after years of meticulous scientific research on geophysics, geology, geography, and diplomatic efforts, which solidified Nigeria’s legal rights over a vast expanse of seabed and subsoil beyond its traditional territorial waters.

He highlighted the economic potential of the newly acquired territory, which includes hydrocarbons, gas, solid minerals, and a wide variety of sedentary species.

Awosika, however, cautioned against total disclosure of sensitive data acquired during surveys, noting that this will jeopardize confidentiality as Nigeria is expected to monetise the information to recover project expenses.

At the event were HPPC Chairman, Ambassador Hassan Tukur; Chief of Staff to the President, Rt. Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila; and the Minister of Marine and Blue Economy, Mr. Adegboyega Oyetola.

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